Current Issue
Vol. 12, No. 4, Oct - Dec 2016

Current Issues - Vol. 12 , No. 4, October - December 2016 (Index Issue)

Al-Shifa Journal of Ophthalmology

Editorial: Management options in Diabetic Retinopathy
Dr. Sara Zafar, Prof. Dr. Tayyab Afghani

Visual and Angiographic Outcome of Oral Danshenform Compound (Tricardin) in Cases of Non proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
Tehmina Nazir, Fariha Taimur, Badaruddin Athar Naeem

This study was conducted to determine visual and angiographic outcome of oral Danshenform Compound (Tricardin) in patients of non proliferative diabetic retinopathy & observe FFA changes. The study included 30 eyes of patients diagnosed as cases of moderate to severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy meeting the inclusion criteria. Duration of study was 1.5 years. Post medicine BCVA, slit lamp examination and fundoscopy was done on each visit. Any change in VA and FFA changes was documented


Diode Laser Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation for the Treatment of Secondary Glaucoma
Shaheryar Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Hamza, Mahnaz Naveed Shah

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) in eyes with secondary glaucoma in a tertiary care hospital. This was a retrospective chart review of 41 eyes of 36 patients who underwent TSCPC for secondary glaucoma. The success rate of the treatment (proportion of eyes achieving an IOP reduction of ≤ 22mmHg with or without medication) and reduction in the mean number of glaucoma drugs used was assessed.


Comparative Results of with and without Intraoperative Mitomycin C application in Dacryocystorhinostomy
Hussain Ahmad, Yousaf Jamal Mahsood, Muhammad Naeem, Muhammad Sajid Khan, Maqsood Ahmad, Ubaid Ullah

In this prospective randomized controlled study, a total of 66 patients diagnosed with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction were randomly divided into a conventional DCR group and mitomycin C group in which mitomycin C was used during DCR surgery. The surgical procedures in both groups were exactly the same, except that in the patients in the mitomycin C group, 0.2 mg/ml mitomycin C was applied to the osteotomy site for 3 minutes. The results of the DCR surgeries were evaluated by objective findings.


Assessment of patterns of Refractive Errors: A hospital based Study
Maria Manzoor, Hanif Malik, Hina Sharif

The objectives of this study were to find the occurrence of different types of refractive errors and to determine association of the outcome with independent variables (age, gender, residence etc.). It was cross-sectional study in Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi and a sample of 1500 children aged 1 to 15 years was collected by convenience sampling. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data.


Comparison between Immersion and Contact Biometry for Axial Length Measurement before Cataract Surgery
Nadia Haleem, Farooq Afzal, Khadija Muhammad, Mustafa Abdul Hameed Ismail

This study was done in The Department of Ophthalmology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad for six months on 180 patients. The patients with age related cataract were included. The ultrasound biometry was performed in all patients with the same apparatus, first by the contact technique and then after an interval of 10 minutes by the immersion technique. Mean of the axial lengths of all the patients measured by the immersion technique was compared with the mean axial length obtained by the contact method.


Horizontal Corneal Diameter Measurements Using Visante OCT, IOLMASTER, ATLAS Topography and Surgical Calipers for Optimal Sizing of Phakic Intraocular Lenses
Aziz Jan Bashir, Adnan Aslam Saleem, Badr Al-Ahmadi, Ashbala Khattak

The study was conducted to assess the conformity among various modalities used to approximate the posterior chamber horizontal diameter for optimal sizing of phakic intraocular lenses (pIOL). Three different devices that estimate the white to white (WTW) diameters of the eye were used to obtain the measurements in 102 eyes of 51 normal patients aged 22-47; IOLMaster, Atlas Corneal Topographer (all devices by Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) and a surgical caliper. Angle to angle (ATA) and sulcus to sulcus (STS) was measured using Visante OCT.